After Ankle Surgery
Following the surgery, bandage or a brace extending from the back of the knee to the toes may be used. After the operation the doctor would explain when they should be used and what should be taken into account while using.
The first measure to provide comfort in the post-operative period is to keep the foot elevated in the bed (especially in the first post-operative days) and ice application. In this period, the hip and knee joints can be moved as it is liked. The foot can be lifted, turned right or left. The only action that should be avoided is keeping the foot below heart level.
Regarding daily activities the things to be aware and what to take care of will be explained in detail by the doctor before and after the operation.
Post operative Care at home
Since there will be restrictions of mobilization after the surgery, it is recommended for the ones who are living alone should provide a companion. In the first days after the surgery, it is necessary to keep the foot above the heart level except for necessities.
Keeping the foot at the level of the heart or slightly elevated will prevent swelling, which is a significant part of the pain treatment, especially during the first 2 weeks after surgery.
Medicines to be used at home will be prescribed before discharge. It is advisable to take them in the recommended manner and before the pain starts. In the case of pain during exercises recommended during the post-operative period, it may be helpful to take the medicines 30 minutes before the exercises.
Alcoholic beverages or natural / herbal medicines should not be used for the duration of the medication.
The wound should be kept clean and dry and tight clothing should be avoided.
The doctor’s recommendation for dressing should be considered.
Sutures will be removed by the doctor within 14-21 days after surgery. This period can be extended if necessary during the controls. Bathing, when and under what conditions should be consulted to the doctor.
Prevention of Clot (deep vein thrombosis) Formation
Although clot formation is rare after foot and ankle surgery, anti-clotting treatment due to individual risk factors (such as obesity, smoking, hormone therapy) is regulated by the doctor during hospitalization and during discharge.
Being motivated and following recommended exercise programs after the surgery is very important in terms of postoperative results. Unless otherwise stated, knee and hip movements in the bed are recommended especially during the first postoperative days. This is indicated by the doctor when an additional physiotherapy program is needed.
If everything goes well (no pain, no wound discharge, etc.) the first control is scheduled one week after the discharge. This is important to follow the situation of the patient and the wound at home.
The second control is at the end of the third week following surgery. If there are any, sutures are removed at this stage and unless otherwise specified, it is aimed to increase daily movements by using protective materials such as walking boots or hallux valgus shoes.